After spending the night as Bishop Zumárraga's honored guest, early in the morning Juan Diego escorted him to the exact spot where he had encountered the beautiful Mother of God. The Bishop immediately had a small chapel built on the top of Tepeyac Hill in order to honor the holy site. Soon after, in obedience to the Lady's request, a larger, permanent temple was built at the bottom of the hill.
Picture is of the fourth church in which the sacred Image of Our Lady of Guadalupe has been venerated. It was built in 1709 and was elevated to Basilica level in 1904.
When Juan Diego returned to Tulpetlac, his elderly uncle told of his own miraculous encounter with the "Woman Clothed with the Sun." He told his nephew that at the moment he thought he would "surely die," his small room became filled with a glorious light. As the celestial lady appeared, he was immediately restored to good health.
The Lady had told Juan Bernardino of her meeting with his nephew and that she had sent Juan to the Bishop with her sacred image on his tilma. It was also at this time that the Mother of the True God revealed the title by which she wished to be known.
The Lady always spoke in the Indians' native language, but Bishop Zumárraga was from Spain and not a native of the continent, as was Juan Diego and his uncle. When the uncle told the Bishop that the lady wished to be called "Our Lady of Coatlaxopeuh," the Bishop thought he said "Our Lady of Guadalupe," meaning "river of light," because this was a name by which she was already known in Spain.
Many scholars have studied in great detail, the historical account of the miraculous events that took place from December 9th through December 12th, 1531. They have discovered and agreed that "coa" means "serpent," "tla" means "the" and "xopeuh" means "crushes" or "stamps out" in the native Aztec language.
The Mother of the True God revealed herself to be
"The Lady Who Crushes the Serpent."
Let us look at the first book of the Bible in Genesis, right after Adam and Eve disobeyed God. Chapter 3, verses 14-15. "And the Lord God said to the serpent: because thou hast done this thing, thou art cursed amount all the cattle and beasts of the earth: upon thy breast shalt thou go and earth shalt thou eat all the days of thy life. I will put enmities between thee and the woman, and thy seed and her seed: she shall crush thy head and thou shalt lie in wait for her heel."
The serpent is Satan
The Perpetual Virgin Mary, Mother of the True God, shall crush the head of Satan!
Mary is the Mother of Christ. It is by her seed, Jesus Christ, that the woman crushes the serpent's head. Jesus Christ is the Son of God. Christ is the Redeemer. It is because of Mary's close association in the work of redemption that we should show her special recognition and honor.
For centuries, Mary in these apparitions has been known as "Our Lady of Guadalupe" and for purposes of this historical account, we shall continue to use this title.